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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 79-83

Clinical evaluation of mineral trioxide aggregate in the surgical management of degree I and degree II furcation defects

1 Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Desh Bhagat Dental College and Hospital, Fatehgarh, Punjab, India
2 Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Bhojia Dental College and Hospital, Baddi, Himachal Pradesh, India
3 Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Swami Devi Dyal Hospital and Dental College, Barwala, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajneesh Parimoo
H. No 131/2 Lane 3, Govind Nagar, Talab Tillo, Jammu - 180 002, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/SDJ.SDJ_22_20

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Background: Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is known as a strong bioactive material which induces hard tissue formation. It does not get contaminated with tissue fluids or blood and has low cytotoxicity with good antibacterial effects. Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of MTA in the surgical management of Degree I and Degree II furcation defects. Methods: Individuals were 15 patients exhibiting clinical and radiographic evidence of Degree I and Degree II furcation defects. The pocket probing depth, plaque index, gingival index, relative vertical clinical attachment level, relative horizontal clinical attachment level, and gingival recession level of subjects were recorded at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. Data were analyzed at a significance level of P < 0.05 using paired t-test. Results: The purpose of this study was to maintain furcation involved teeth with the use of MTA. Regeneration of periodontal attachment apparatus by MTA was not the goal of the treatment technique used in this study. However, MTA application results improvement in the recorded clinical parameters. Conclusion: MTA is effective in obliterating the Degree I and Degree II furcation defects. There are no signs and symptoms of any adverse effect to this treatment.

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